Normalization Process Theory

May, C., Rapley, T., Mair, F.S., Treweek, S., Murray, E., Ballini, L., Macfarlane, A. Girling, M. and Finch, T.L. (2015) Normalization Process Theory On-line Users’ Manual, Toolkit and NoMAD instrument. Available from

Normalization Process Theory (NPT) is a sociological toolkit to help understand the dynamics of implementing, embedding, and integrating new technology or complex intervention. This website will guide you through the uses of NPT and the interactive toolkit can be used to help you think through implementation and integration problems in health care.